Pollentia Undergraduate Research Expedition (PURE)
Applications for UP PURE 2019 will open on October 10, 2018 with a priority application deadline of November 15, 2018.
Acceptance Decisions will be announced beginning December 10, 2018.
The goal for UP Pollentia Undergraduate Research Expedition (UP PURE) is implementation and support of faculty/student research in a global academic and cultural context. The Pollentia Undergraduate Research Expedition provides a programmatic umbrella under which UP faculty and students can undertake discipline-specific research projects and internships related to archaeology at the Roman city of Pollentia in Alcúdia, Mallorca, Spain. Administration of the Pollentia site is entrusted to the Consortium of the Roman City of Pollentia, a collaboration of Spanish regional and national governmental agencies. Field management of scientific and archaeological work at Pollentia falls to the Director, Prof. Miguel Ángel Cau Ontiveros [University of Barcelona, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA)], and the Co-Director, Prof. Mª Esther Chávez Álvarez (University of La Laguna). At the invitation of the Consortium and its Directors, UP PURE participants contribute to the broad framework of an archaeological excavation that involves professionals, students, and volunteers in all the physical and human sciences that pertain to the study, preservation, and conservation of cultural heritage.
About the UP Directors:
- Rev. H. Richard Rutherford, Ph.D., C.S.C., UP Professor Emeritus of Theology, serves as Director of the Initiative for Christian Antiquity in the Digital Age and as a campus coordinator of the UP PURE program; contact Fr. Rutherford at firstname.lastname@example.org and 503-943-4685.
- Ronda Bard, Ph.D., Lecturer, UP Department of Chemistry, continues as campus coordinator and UP Site Director for 2019; contact her at email@example.com and 503-943-8823.
- Kara Breuer, M.A.T., Senior Adjunct Instructor, UP Department of Chemistry, serves as Assistant Field Director for 2019; contact Kara at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Timeline for UP PURE application process:
Please mark the following dates on your calendar; contact UP Site Director Ronda Bard at email@example.com and Fr. Richard Rutherford, C.S.C., Ph.D., Director of Christian Antiquities Research, at firstname.lastname@example.org to ask questions and arrange a meeting. We look forward to working with you to make your UP PURE participation a reality for summer 2019!
Dates and deadlines:
October 10, 2018: UP PURE application opens on the Studies Abroad website.
October 10, 2018: The first Pollentia Drop-In Lunch Table happens in Bauccio Commons. Join UP PURE leaders, program alumni, and other potential 2019 participants for brown bag lunches on second and fourth Wednesdays in fall 2018. Join us for any length of time that fits your schedule as we share resources, answer questions, and build community. Lunch Table dates are Oct. 10, Oct. 24, Nov. 14, and Nov. 28 at the Activity Table in the Commons from 11:30am to 1:00pm. We hope to see you there!
November 5, 2018: UP registration for spring semester 2019 opens and continues through November 15. Register for HST 391 Public History through Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (3 credits), a special topics course that meets MW 1745-1910. This course, while open to all UP students, is REQUIRED for participants in UP PURE 2019; those participants will receive a grade of IP at the end of spring term and a final course grade in fall 2019.
November 15, 2018: Priority deadline for completing applications to UP PURE 2019.
December 10, 2018: The first round of acceptances into the UP PURE 2019 program announced; the program will accept up to 12 students with additional qualified applicants placed on a waitlist. Evaluation of applications submitted after November 15 continues until positions are filled.
January 21, 2019: Deadline for submitting a $300 deposit for participation in UP PURE 2019; $250 of this fee is refundable up to April 1, 2019, with $50 retained to cover administrative costs.
March 30, 2019: Mandatory field training for archaeology! This Saturday event includes breakfast, training sessions, fieldwork in the UP shrubbery, and a pizza lunch.
April 1, 2019: Refund deadline for UP PURE deposits. Deadline for commitment to participation in UP PURE 2019.
April 26, 2019: Deadline for submitting all Pollentia paperwork and electronic files to UP PURE and Studies Abroad.
May 2, 2019: Celebratory dinner for UP PURE participants! Please schedule your trip home and May adventures to allow this last planning session and community event November 15, 2019 before we all meet in Spain.
UP PURE 2019 Program Outline
Arrival and departure.
July 3, 2019: Student housing opens this Wednesday in Alcúdia.
July 5, 2019: Arrival deadline in Alcúdia by nightfall this Friday.
July 8, 2019: Pollentia Field School opens! We will tour of the site and get to work.
August 2, 2019: Last day of the Field School. August 1 & 2 include a site Open House, an evening reception, presentation of certificates, and a chance to meet the Mayor and members of the Pollentia Consortium. We end with an all‐group‐all-university dinner at a favorite restaurant on the evening of August 2.
August 3 through August 5, 2019: Departure window for UP PURE students. The last night that UP student housing is available is Sunday, August 4.
Monday through Friday daily work flow for UP PURE and the Field School.
Breakfast at each house on your own; breakfast foods stocked by UP PURE.
Be at the local bus stop (our gathering spot—you will know where that is!) by 7:20 AM, dressed for work, with plenty of water and extra sunscreen.
7:20 AM: UP team heads to field to begin work at 7:30 AM.
10:00 AM: Important 30‐minute field break: sandwiches & fruit & water refills provided.
1:00 PM: Head home for cleanup and cooling off.
1:00‐2:30 PM: Buffet lunch of soup, salad, and/or sandwiches provided by UP PURE.
3:30 PM: Arrive up at Excavation House for washing & cataloging finds or research participation.
6:00 PM: Typical end of workday; expect occasional extended research time and weekly seminars. After work, use your free time to cool off at beach, make excursions, run errands, or catch‐up work; dinner on your own (except for Wednesdays and Sundays).
UP PURE group meetings and community meals.
Please plan weekend activities so that you return in time for Sunday evening gathering.
7:00 PM Sundays: Mandatory community meeting
Layout of weekly work schedules, to be updated nightly for next morning’s work
Check‐in re problems, challenges, solutions, insights
8:30 PM Sundays: UP PURE group dinner at local restaurant
7:30 PM Wednesdays: Mandatory community meeting
8:30 PM Wednesdays: UP PURE group dinner at local restaurant
UP PURE in action last summer 2018
Enjoy these shots of UP PURE participants in the field.
Expenses of Expedition
The program fee for UP PURE Summer 2019 program is $3000 per participant. This fee includes housing, study abroad insurance, food for breakfasts and field breaks, weekday lunches, two dinners out per week, archaeological expertise, access to laundry supplies and facilities, etc. Students should expect additional out-of-pocket expenses ranging from about $2,600 up to $6,000; the variability depends on costs of round trip airfare, passport fee (if needed), personal expenses (weekend travel, souvenirs, etc.), weekend lunches and five dinners weekly. The Studies Abroad application to UP PURE includes a summary table of projected expenses.
In recent summers, UP student participants have helped to cover program fees with funding from the College of Arts and Sciences SURE program, Shiley School of Engineering faculty-student research grants, CISGO seed grants, the Provost’s Undergraduate Initiative, and, via the UP Christian Antiquities Research fund, Fr. Ronald J. Wasowski, C.S.C, Research Fellowships. Three students have received Benjamin Gilman International Scholarships from the U.S. State Department, and another three have used funds from UP Dundon-Berchtold Scholarships to support ethics research related to the Pollentia excavation. Beginning 2018, the Pamplin School of Business Administration is funding two Pollentia internships in Heritage Marketing. Please contact Fr. Rutherford and Dr. Bard to learn more about these funding opportunities and to discuss resources and strategies for covering expenses of UP PURE 2019.
To learn more about UP PURE
Student presentations of research outcomes from summer 2018 begin late October 2018, with the UP Summer Research Poster Presentation program. Poster and oral presentations will continue through the Murdock College Science Research Conference, the Linus Pauling Award Symposium, the Sigma Xi Student Research Conference, Dundon-Berchtold presentations, and UP Founders Day. Please contact Dr. Bard email@example.com for an updated schedule of student presentations related to UP PURE 2018.
A rich source of information about the participants, communities, field experience, research, and cultural explorations of all our UP PURE expeditions resides at our Pollentia WordPress site, https://sites.up.edu/pollentia/. A face-to-face resource is the Pollentia lunch tables, hosted by Fr. Rutherford and Dr. Bard on 2nd and 4th Wednesdays at the Activity Table in the Commons, 11:30 AM to 1:00 PM; our next luncheon dates include these Wednesdays: Oct. 10, Oct. 24, Nov. 14, and Nov. 28. We hope to see you there!
Finally, we present a magnificent opportunity for informing yourself of archaeology related to Pollentia. For the second year, UP Adjunct Assistant Professor Mario Ramírez Galán will teach a special topics course: HST 391 Public History through Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (3 credits). Look for HST 391 in the MW 1745-1910 time slot in the Banner Spring 2019 class schedule and arrange to register for this course, REQUIRED for all students accepted into the UP PURE 2019 Program.
HST 391 Course Description: Public History brings the study of cultural heritage into the public forum of museology, government, industry, & heritage tourism. This course addresses public history through archaeology, including fieldwork, remote sensing, archaeometry, cartography, etc. with a focus on the Roman & Late Antique Pollentia (Mallorca). Students will explore ongoing UP contributions to research & management of this Spanish heritage site.
Five years of UP PURE: a program history
Early days 2012-2014.
Beginning in Spring 2012 and building on Fr. Richard Rutherford’s study of early Christianity in the Mediterranean, Fr. Rutherford and Pollentia Excavation Co-directors Professors Miguel Ángel Cau, Ph.D. and Esther Chávez Álvarez, Ph.D. proposed a collaborative endeavor whereby the University of Barcelona archaeological field school would host faculty/student researchers from UP at the Pollentia site. The first UP Pollentia Expedition launched in July 2014.
That summer, four UP faculty, six UP alumni, and four volunteers made an exploratory visit to Mallorca to work with the Barcelona team. Our goals were simple and ambitious: survey and map Can Fanals, a long buried sector known to contain a necropolis dating to Christian Antiquity and the Roman Empire; undertake a trial excavation of the mapped cemetery; and explore the potential for such faculty/student teams to conduct research at Pollentia. Upon return in August 2014, reports of success on all three fronts were submitted to all levels of stakeholders of what came to be termed informally UP’s own Pollentia Expedition. With strong administrative support, Fr. Rutherford decided to return in summer 2015 with faculty/student research teams.
For this second summer, twenty-one UP faculty, students, and volunteers made the journey to Alcúdia, Spain, and the Pollentia site. Research teams in chemical, biological, and environmental studies analyzed key discoveries such as pottery, grave goods, and human skeletal remains. Other projects addressed educational goals of the ArchaeoSpain high school field school at Pollentia (in collaboration with ArchaeoSpain leadership) and the development of a digital collection documenting the work of UP faculty and students in a global educational context. UP schools represented in the summer’s efforts included the College of Arts & Sciences, Clark Library, and the School of Education.
Fr. Rutherford and Dr. Ronda Bard led a team of twenty-eight UP faculty, students, and volunteers back to Pollentia. Together with the large group of faculty, students and others from the University of Barcelona, we were some 60 diggers at the Pollentia archeological site. The UP group focused our work at the same Can Fanals necropolis—the site where we launched the UP effort in 2014:
- Team DNA: Dr. Ami Ahern-Rindell (Biology) and four UP students excavated graves and gathered long bones from earlier excavations in preparation for an ongoing DNA study.
- Team Shiley: Dean Sharon Jones, Prof. Nikki Schulz, and two civil engineering students worked with Spanish colleagues on GIS mapping of the Pollentia site.
- Team Chemistry: Dr. Ronda Bard and Dr. Valerie Walters (both UP Chemistry), Dr. Julio DePaula (Lewis & Clark, Chemistry), and UP alumna Gisela Gonzalez-Montiel performed archaeometric studies with two UP students and a Lewis & Clark student. Projects included analyses of pigments in a medieval painting housed at the local parish museum, pigment traces discovered on a wall in the Roman forum at the Pollentia site, and soil samples from graves and other areas in the necropolis.
- Team Enviro: Father Ron Wasowski, C.S.C. (Environmental Science) applied his knowledge of remote sensing to document the dig from the air using both his drone and aerial flights. Fr. Wasowski (deceased November 2016) also collaborated with a UP student in Environmental Policy student in a study of local ecotourism.
- Team Micro: Dr. Angela Hoffman, O.S.B. (Chemistry) collected soil samples from site layers dating to the Roman Republic, Late Antiquity, and medieval times in her ongoing search for undiscovered microbes that might synthesize useful antibiotics as secondary metabolites.
The most interesting finds of summer 2016 included an undisturbed cremation urn and the nearly intact skeleton of a 7- or 8-year-old child, buried during the Roman.
A year ago, the UP PURE team brought 14 veterans and newbies to face the rigors and rewards of archaeological fieldwork. Among the faculty, Fr. Mark Ghyselinck, C.S.C., UP Instructor, Performing & Fine Arts, served as pastoral resident and artist-in-residence. Chemistry faculty Valerie Walters (UP PURE site director for 2017) and Kara Breuer led four chemistry students in these archaeometric studies:
- Analysis of Roman coins unearthed at Pollentia 2014-2016 using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy and LIBS (laser induced breakdown spectroscopy);
- Analysis of pigments used by artist Rafael Mòger to paint an altarpiece triptych in 1420; spectroscopic studies using XRF and Raman spectroscopy and microscopy using both UV and infrared light sources allowed identification of several original pigments, along with one or two pigments applied in modern restorations.
- A remote sensing survey of the Can Fanals site using a Phantom quadcopter drone and visual and thermal infrared photography.A fifth student majoring in Environmental Ethics & Policy worked remotely with David Turnbloom, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, UP Theology, to study archaeology as a means of formation.
This past summer, the UP PURE team included 11 students and 11 non-students (faculty, staff, & volunteers). Faculty researchers Valerie Walters, Ph.D. (UP Chemistry) and Julio de Paula, Ph.D. (Lewis & Clark Chemistry) led the team performing spectroscopic analysis of three medieval paintings housed at the Sant Jaume Church Museum in Alcúdia; Ronda Bard, Ph.D. and Kara Breuer, M.A.T. (both UP Chemistry) led the coin analysis team. UP students joining these analytical research efforts included Justin Olson, Anthony Nguyen, David Ile, John Pellessier, and Ryan Helbling.
The photogrammetry team included leader/trainer Allen Hansen, Technician Supervisor at Shiley School of Engineering, and students José Aguilar and Sophia Lowe. UP student Eli Waxman began his research as a Dundon-Berchtold Student Scholar in collaboration with Faculty Fellow Christina Astorga, Ph.D. (UP Theology). The newly established Pamplin Heritage Marketing Internships supported marketing research by UP students Tom Bornhop and Karen Gonzalez-Yanez, who continue their research in fall 2018 under mentorship by Elena Bernard, Ph.D., and Ian Parkman, Ph.D., faculty in the Pamplin School of Business Administration. UP student Matt Schumann represented Team DNA and mentor Ami Ahern-Rindell, Ph.D. (UP Biology).
For further details, please contact either UP Site Director Dr. Ronda Bard at firstname.lastname@example.org and 503-943-8823 or Fr. Richard Rutherford, Director of the Initiative for Christian Antiquities Research, at email@example.com and 503-780-1619.